Worldwide, an estimated total of 85 million children under 15 years of age work, 186 million of them under exploitative conditions. These figures are given by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) in Geneva in their report “Marking progress against child labour” from 2002.
The ILO distinguishes different forms of labour: light and suitable work on the one hand, and exploitative child labour on the other. Exploitative forms of child labour are all forms of forced labour, bonded labour, peonage and slavery, abuse of children for example in prostitution, pornography, drug trafficking and all other forms of labour that threaten the health, safety or moral well-being of children. Exploitative child labour is internationally illegal. 180 states (Oct. 2015) ratified the ILO Convention No. 182 against the worst forms of child labour.