168 million children under the age of 15 are working, 85 million of them under exploitative conditions. These figures are given by the International Labor Organization in Geneva (International Labor Organization – ILO ) in their report “ Marking progress against child labor “in 2013.
The ILO differentiates between different forms of work: between easy and appropriate work on the one hand and exploitative child labor on the other. Exploitative child labor is all forms of forced labor, bondage, serfdom and slavery, abuse of children, for example, in prostitution, pornography, drug trafficking and all other work that endangers children’s health, safety or morals. Exploitative child labor is internationally prohibited. 180 states ( As of Oct. 2015) have the Convention of ILO No. 182 ratified against the worst forms of child labor.